Rich in natural resources, Algeria is home to the fourth-largest economy in Africa. The largest industries in Algeria include natural gas and oil production, mining and agriculture.
Job market in Algeria
The oil and gas industry is one of the largest employers of expats in the country. They are employed in administrative, managerial and labour roles. Expats can find other opportunities in the finance, education and foreign aid sectors. Tourism is also a growing industry where expats may find work in Algeria.
Finding a job in Algeria
The majority of expats secure employment before arriving in the country. Expats seeking work in Algeria can explore various online job search platforms tailored to the country or specific industries. Some popular websites include Emploitic, CareerJet and Bayt. Sending out resumes to international companies could also help with the job search.
Expats seeking employment in Algeria must obtain a work visa, which they can apply for through the Algerian Embassy or Consulate in their home country. The employer usually takes responsibility for the work permit and will need to prove that there are no Algerians capable of doing the job before they hire a foreigner.
Work culture in Algeria
Algerian business structures are hierarchical and formal. Business revolves around personal relationships, and expats will therefore need to develop and nurture relationships and trust with their new Algerian colleagues.
Proficiency in French or Arabic will be beneficial for those seeking work in Algeria. Communication is generally indirect, and the emphasis on maintaining harmony and saving face can sometimes lead to ambiguity in communication. The flexible approach to time in Algeria may also require adjustment for expats accustomed to stricter scheduling.
Appearances are important in the Algerian corporate world, and expats should dress formally in Western-style business attire. Women are advised to dress modestly, covering their shoulders and legs, but traditional clothing like hijabs or abayas is not a strict requirement.
A handshake is the usual greeting in business circles. Typically, men do not initiate handshakes with women; however, some women may extend their hands first. It's best to wait for a woman to extend her hand first when greeting.
The typical working week in Algeria runs from Sunday to Thursday, with weekends falling on Friday and Saturday, in alignment with the predominantly Islamic culture. The standard working week is 40 hours in Algeria, with a generous leave allowance of around 30 days per year.