*Libya's UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA) has declared a state of emergency. Several foreign governments, including the US, UK and Australia, have advised on their websites that citizens should not travel to Libya.
Libya is a Middle Eastern country in the Maghreb region of North Africa with a large coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. Expats moving to Libya will find a country still recovering from a violent civil uprising which began in February 2011. Despite the end of the conflict in October 2011 following al-Gaddafi’s death, the security situation in Libya remains uncertain and protests and violent clashes between opposition groups and clan factions continue to occur sporadically across the country.
Needless to say, Libya is not the expat destination that it once was. Although some foreign companies and expats who left Libya at the height of the conflict have slowly trickled back, the situation remains uncertain and jobs are not guaranteed. Expats seeking work opportunities in Libya should consider their options carefully and continue to monitor developments closely.
Libya is an Islamic nation, and Western expats may experience a degree of culture shock in this conservative society in which nightlife is limited, alcohol is banned and eating out is nowhere near as frivolous an experience as in the Western world.
Most expats moving to Libya are concentrated in Tripoli, nearby Janzour, or in Benghazi. Misurata and Zawia also attract their fare share of expats. It’s rare that foreigners relocate to Libya without confirmed employment, most of which is in the hydrocarbon or construction industries. As a result, many expats have their accommodation, visas, healthcare and even their children's education arranged by a relocation agency or by their employer. The demand for university ESL teachers is also high across Libya and attracts many expats.
Expats may find that the public education standards in Libya are well below what they're used to. It is only in recent years that more options have become available for expat children – although choices remain few, the handful of international schools available are generally well organised and reputable.
Libya is a developing country and one that has been severely impacted by a devastating conflict. It will not suit someone looking for a vibrant modern country, replete with cultural, retail and nightlife opportunities. The uncertain security situation is another major deterrent for now, and one that will hopefully be resolved before long.
Population: About 7 million
Major religion: Islam
Capital city: Tripoli
Legal system: Transitional council
Main languages: Arabic (official), English (tourist centres, business)
Time: GMT +2
Electricity: 127/230 V, 50 Hz. Round 3-pin plugs are used.
Money: The Libyan Dinar (LYD), divided into 1,000 dirhams
Tipping: Not common, may be offensive. However, tipping tour guides is appreciated.
International dialling code: +218. City codes include (0)21 for Tripoli and (0)22 for Tripoli International Airport.
Emergency numbers: 193 (police), 190 (fire), 191 (ambulance)
Internet domain: .ly
Drives on the: Right