• Hold down Ctrl key and select the sections you want to print. If using a Mac, hold down the Cmd key.
  • Use Ctrl + A or on Mac, Cmd + A to select all sections (if you are using the Chrome browser).
  • Click "Apply" and the site will customise your print guide in the preview below.
  • Click the "Print" button and a print pop up should appear to print to your printer of choice.

Articles about Denmark

Diversity and inclusion in Denmark

Denmark is well known as a socially liberal country, and minority groups are generally treated well. See below to learn more about diversity and inclusion in Denmark.

Accessibility in Denmark

Danish law prohibits the discrimination of people based on physical, sensory, intellectual, or mental disabilities. Denmark aims to be a world leader when it comes to amenities for the disabled, and has a program called “Accessibility for All” which aims to make it easier for disabled people to travel and participate in everyday life. The Danish government, along with private companies, has taken initiatives to improve accessibility for people with disabilities and ensure the equality of opportunities.

Denmark is largely accessible for those in wheelchairs and those with sensory disabilities. Most road crossings have audio cues to signal when it's safe to cross. All buses have a manual wheelchair ramp and wheelchair taxis are available.

Most metro and train stations are accessible via a lift or elevator and it’s possible to wheel a chair onto the train from the platform. Assistance can be provided at the train station if it is booked at least 12 hours in advance. Travel companions, such as assistants or guide dogs, can accompany disabled passengers on public transport at a reduced price.

Those unable to travel by public transport due disability can register for door-to-door transportation in a specially equipped minibus known as Movia Flexihandicap.

Companies are encouraged to employ people with disabilities, and there is a compensation system in Denmark that ensure employers are not faced with any extra expense when employing those with a disability.

Useful resources lists Danish service providers that have had their facilities registered under accessibility. There’s information about restaurants, conference facilities, exhibition and meeting venues or museums and indoor attractions.

DBS Handicap Service: call +45 70 13 14 19 (24/7) to check whether a particular train station is accessible for wheelchair users.

Accessible taxi services (request wheelchair-friendly taxi when booking)

LGBTQ+ in Denmark

Denmark is one of the most socially liberal countries in the world and has some of the most progressive laws supporting the LGBTQ+ community. Same-sex sexual activity has been legal since 1933, and in 1989 Denmark became the first country in the world to legally recognise same-sex unions. Same-sex marriage has been possible since 2012. In 2014, Denmark became the first country to allow legal change of gender without a medical expert statement.

Copenhagen is well known as a gay-friendly city and is famous for its annual Pride event. There is a vibrant, open and tolerant gay scene, with gay people welcomed into straight bars and clubs. The old Latin Quarter of the city is the hub of the LGBTQ+ nightlife, but it’s a small due to the level of integration in Copenhagen.

Further reading

Gender equality in Denmark

Denmark is one of the world's most gender equal countries and Danish society values equal opportunities for women and girls. The country is ranked second in the EIGE Gender Equality Index, only just behind Sweden. Equality has long been a cornerstone of the Danish welfare state, and today the percentage of Danish women working outside the home is one of the highest in the world.

A gender pay gap remains, however, with men earning 12.7 percent more than women. The majority of leadership roles are held by men, earning them better pay.

Further reading

Women in leadership in Denmark

Although most Danes believe that gender parity has been achieved, only 29 percent of leadership roles are taken by women, a fair bit lower than the EU average of 34 percent. Even in progressive Denmark, most homes have quite traditional gender roles, with mothers viewed at the primary caregiver and often also primarily responsible for most household chores.

The number of women holding board positions in Danish-listed companies is 22 percent, and there are just six female CEOs among the 131 listed companies.

In November 2022, Denmark re-elected Mette Frederiksen, their second female Prime Minister, and elected 79 female MPs, a record 44 percent of the total. Denmark is officially ruled by Queen Margrethe II, the country’s first female monarch in six centuries.

Further reading – Nordic Spencer Stuart Board Index, a survey of diversity in the top 100 companies in Nordic countries (2020)

Mental health awareness in Denmark

Expats can be at greater risk of mental health issues than the general population, especially depression and anxiety, which can be exacerbated by loneliness and the stress of living in new surroundings. International companies are becoming more aware of mental health issues, and many have adjusted their policies to provide better support. This includes ensuring that mental illness is well covered by the company’s chosen employee healthcare schemes, as well as promoting knowledge and decreasing stigma by holding in-house workshops.

In theory, Denmark offers free and equal access to psychiatric treatment for all residents, but in practice many Danes find that these services are hard to access, and many expats find them all but impossible to access due to long wait times and language barriers. The funding for the Danish mental health system is still below the EU average.

The general practitioner (GP) acts as the gatekeeper to all healthcare services, including psychiatric treatment. Many expats and international assignees working in Denmark seek the help of a private English-speaking therapists or psychiatrists instead. A good health insurer should be able to provide a list of options.

Useful resources

Unconscious bias training in Denmark

Following a recent study that revealed that many people with a minority background feel discriminated against when in the workplace, the Municipality of Copenhagen launched a program to promote ethnic diversity in the labour market, including workshops and seminars where companies can learn more about these issues.

The concept of unconscious bias is an implicit set of often stereotyped ideas an individual carries about groups of people different to themselves. These ideas are not purposefully adopted but rather develop subtly over time, and people tend to hold unconscious biases about groups they never or rarely come into contact with.

Unconscious bias can profoundly affect both personal and work conditions. In the workplace, unchecked bias undermines vital aspects of the company, with negative effects on employee performance, retention and recruitment. In a bid to create a better work environment, many companies are beginning to institute unconscious bias training. There are also a number of online resources that can be used to improve self-awareness regarding bias.

Useful resources

Diversification of the workforce in Denmark

Most progressive companies in Denmark find that having a diverse workforce can be a strength rather than a challenge and understand that a mix of nationalities can promote creativity and innovation. Expats tend to find it easier when joining a company where there are other foreign nationalities within the workforce, making it easier to form social connections, compared to companies where there is a close-knit group of local staff. Expats moving to Denmark should make an effort to learn about Danish cultural etiquette and local business practices before starting work.

SpencerStuart conducted a survey of the top 25 companies in Denmark and found that they had on average 3.4 nationalities represented on their boards. Over half of board directors were foreign, and 36.5 percent non-Nordics.

Safety in Denmark

Denmark is one of the safest countries in the world to live in, and most expats find that the locals are very welcoming toward foreigners. Women have no reason to be concerned when moving here, it is easy to get around the major cities, the transport is safe and efficient, and the roads are lit up well at night. Of course, there is some petty crime, and it’s sensible to take normal precautions as in any country.

Calendar initiatives in Denmark

4 February – World Cancer Day
February – Winter Pride, Copenhagen
28 February – Rare Disease Day
March – TB Awareness Month
8 March – International Women’s Day
17 May – International Day Against Homophobia
19 May – Global Accessibility Awareness Day
August – Copenhagen Pride Parade
10 September – World Suicide Prevention Day
October – Breast Cancer Awareness Month
10 October –World Mental Health Day
14 November – World Diabetes Day
1 December – World AIDS Day

Moving to Denmark

An archipelago of more than 400 islands, much of Denmark is surrounded by water – with the notable exception of the Jutland Peninsula, which shares a land border with Germany. The majority of residents live on one of Denmark's various islands, the largest of which is Zealand. Here, the thriving capital city of Copenhagen can be found. 

Living in Denmark as an expat

Denmark is rapidly increasing in popularity among expats, as the Danish government, industry and higher education institutions are all keen on greater internationalisation. Generally, Denmark is a high wage, tax and welfare economy.

The labour market is governed by the concept of 'flexicurity', which means that government policy and labour market legislation are guided by a high degree of market flexibility while providing substantial security through the welfare system. As a result, there is a relatively low rate of income inequality in Denmark. Despite many larger companies adopting English as their company language, expats working in the country may find it difficult to progress as well career-wise without at least some Danish.

Getting around Denmark is convenient and efficient. Denmark’s roads are in excellent condition and congestion isn't a major issue. There is also a comprehensive public transport system in Denmark comprising trains, buses and ferries, so expats who choose not to drive will have plenty of ways to get around.

Accommodation in Denmark is undeniably expensive, especially in Copenhagen. But housing comes in a variety of forms and is generally of exceptional standard. From city apartments to suburban houses, expats are sure to find something to suit their lifestyle and budget. 

Cost of living in Denmark

It must be said that the cost of living in Denmark is high. Copenhagen is one of the most expensive cities in the world where almost everything is expensive. Taxes are also high in the country, but these at least go towards excellent infrastructure, service delivery, universal healthcare and free education, so residents are generally happy to pay them.

Expat families and children 

A fantastic destination in which to raise a family, Denmark has excellent schools, healthcare and plenty to do for children big and small. Despite its small size, Denmark has much to offer expats in terms of culture, sport and outdoor life. Visitors are often surprised at how unpopulated some parts of the country are. Being a peninsula and a series of islands, there is no shortage of coastline, and water-based activities are very popular. Denmark is also in an ideal position for regional travel, with land and sea links to countries such as Germany, Sweden, Norway, Poland and the UK.

Climate in Denmark

A feature that can get some expats down is the long, frosty winters of Denmark when temperatures drop below freezing and the sun goes missing in action. That said, the summers are mild, with the average temperature being around 20°C (68°F).

Expats who manage to secure a good job in Denmark's competitive job market often find their stay in Denmark to be extremely comfortable. It's all too easy to fall in love with this Scandanavian country, and many expats stay on long past the end of their assignment. Denmark's beauty and high quality of life certainly offer good motivation to do so.

Fast facts

Population: About 5.8 million

Capital city: Copenhagen

Neighbouring countries: Most of the country is bordered by the North Sea. Denmark's only land border is Germany in the south.

Geography: Denmark is made up of a large landmass surrounded by around 400 islands. The geography of Denmark is primarily made up of flat plains and sandy coastline.

Political system: Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Major religions: Christianity

Main languages: Danish, but most of the population can also speak English.

Money: The Danish krone (DKK) is divided into 100 øre. The banking system is efficient and easy to use. ATMs are widely available.

Tipping: By law, all service charges (including gratuity) are included in the price billed, but additional tips can be given for good service.

Time: GMT+2 (+1 from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October)

Electricity: 230V, 50Hz. Plugs have two round pins and some have an additional grounding pin.

Internet domain: .dk

International dialling code: +45

Emergency contacts: 112

Transport and driving: Cars drive on the right-hand side of the road. Denmark is well served by public transport systems including trains, buses and ferries.

Visas for Denmark

Denmark is part of the Schengen Area. Citizens of certain countries, and those who've already been granted a valid and current visa to enter another Schengen country, may enter Denmark without a visa. EU citizens and holders of American, Australian and New Zealand passports are included in those that may freely enter Denmark without a visa for up to 90 days.

Coming to Denmark as an employee, intern, student, au pair or on a working holiday cannot be done on a visa alone, and will usually require residence and work permits.

Registration, residence and work permits for Denmark

Many foreigners are free to live and work in Denmark and do not need to apply for work or residence permits, including citizens of EU/EEA states, Nordic citizens and citizens of Switzerland.

That said, anyone intending to stay in Denmark for more than three months needs to register with the authorities and obtain an identification number (CPR number). Without a CPR number, normal life in Denmark is impossible – one can't open a bank account, register with a doctor, get help from public authorities or even buy a registered mobile phone.

Expats who aren’t from one of the exempt countries will need to apply for a residence and work permit. To apply, expats will need to have a written job offer that specifies salary and employment conditions. Even if expats have this, they may not be granted a residence and work permit if their prospective job can be filled by available labour in Denmark.

In addition to general work and residence permits, there are a number of special schemes that make it possible for expats in particular sectors to live and work in Denmark, such as those with specialised skills, researchers and holders of Master's or PhD degrees from a Danish university.

*Visa regulations are subject to change at short notice and expats are advised to contact their respective embassy or consulate for the latest details.

Working in Denmark

Denmark's strong economy makes it a desirable place to work, but expats looking for employment in Denmark will find that it comes with its fair set of challenges. Still, once they have overcome the hurdle of finding a job, expats should be able to get into the swing of things with relative ease.

Job market in Denmark

Most expats moving to Denmark do so with a job in hand, whether as the result of an intra-company transfer or after having been headhunted. These expats often take up positions in science, technology, research or higher education. Other strong sectors in Denmark that may be a source of employment for expats include agriculture, tourism and transport.

Many large companies in Denmark have put measures in place to recruit and retain highly skilled expats. Some have also adopted English as their company language, which makes life easier for expats.

Finding a job in Denmark

Networking is an established and necessary part of finding a job in Denmark. There is a high level of mobility in the job market, which is often facilitated through various networks. LinkedIn is a good way for expats to tap into a social network and get to know local companies. 

Online job portals and recruitment agencies are also good resources, though expats will have to find a way to stand out from hordes of other applicants.

Work culture in Denmark

Most Danish businesses are characterised by a relatively flat structure, and relations between different levels within an organisation are usually quite informal. The downside of this is that decision lines are less obvious and it might be difficult for expats to know who to talk to about particular issues.

Considerable importance is placed on discussion and reaching consensus; expats will be expected to make a positive contribution to discussions and decisions. Teamwork and co-operation are valued in all sorts of businesses, and employees are expected to be motivated and committed to doing their best.

Public Holidays in Denmark




New Year's Day

1 January

1 January

Maundy Thursday

6 April

28 March

Good Friday

7 April

29 March

Easter Sunday

9 April

31 March

Easter Monday

10 April

1 April

Prayer Day

 5 May

 26 April

Ascension Day

18 May

9 May

Whit Sunday

28 May

19 May

Whit Monday

29 May

20 May

Constitution Day

5 June

5 June

Christmas Day

25 December

25 December

Boxing Day

26 December

26 December

Education and Schools in Denmark

Education in Denmark is of an exceedingly high standard. Schools across the country are subsidised by the government and, as a result, have modern facilities and highly qualified staff. There are also a number of excellent private and international schools in Denmark. 

Public education in Denmark

All municipalities in Denmark provide free education for all children. Parents can enrol their child at any municipal school that has space, which can either be in their own neighbourhood or another school in their municipality or a neighbouring municipality.

Not many expat children speak Danish when they arrive in Denmark, but this is not a barrier to enrolment in a municipal school. Non-Danish-speaking children are either placed in a reception class with other non-Danish-speaking pupils or are placed in a regular Danish-speaking class but are given extra support in the language.

Private schools in Denmark

Most parents choose to send their children to their local municipal school, but some choose a private school. Private schools in Denmark are self-governing institutions required to provide education to the standards of the municipal schools. They are partly funded by the government. There are many different types of private schools and some are based on a specific philosophy, pedagogical line or religious belief.

International schools in Denmark

There is a growing number of both public and private international schools in Denmark. International education is recognised as a key factor in attracting and retaining expats. Most international schools in Denmark are in and around Copenhagen, but the rest of the country also has good coverage. Many of these schools have English as their primary language, while others teach primarily in German or French. The International Baccalaureate is the most commonly offered curriculum at these schools.

Culture Shock in Denmark

Culture in Denmark is influenced by both traditionally European and Scandinavian elements, with many Danes considering themselves both European and Nordic. Despite this, most have a strong sense of their own identity and, while 'Danishness' might be difficult to define, it affects how Danes relate to each other and to foreign visitors.

As a result, expats may experience some culture shock in Denmark. Despite the ostensible similarities between Danes, other Europeans and Americans, the particulars and nuances of Danish culture are easily misunderstood.

Language in Denmark

English proficiency in Denmark is exceptionally high, and some large companies even adopt English as their company language. Public policy in Denmark is very much geared towards making expats feel as welcome as possible and many services are, at least in part, available in English.

It is therefore perfectly possible to get by in Denmark without learning Danish, but there are several good arguments for learning the language. 

All foreign residents are entitled to free or subsidised Danish language teaching provided by their local municipality. Expats can connect and integrate with their hosts more easily if they make at least some effort with the language. It can also be quite stressful for expats to not understand what is going on around them – some familiarity with the language can alleviate this.

Food in Denmark

From the ubiquitous hot dog stands to the New Nordic food of Noma, food and drink play a big part in Danish life. One of the most characteristic dishes is the Danish open sandwich, smørrebrød, usually made with rye bread and topped with meat or fish and accompaniments. These are typically eaten with a knife and fork.

Hygge in Denmark

A key part of culture in Denmark is the concept of hygge (pronounced 'hooger'). While there is no direct translation of the word into English, it involves being warm, cozy and relaxed, for example with good food and friends in front of the fireplace. Although difficult to define, hygge is important because its pursuit is considered by many to be a fundamental part of Danish culture.

Weather in Denmark

Denmark has a mild, temperate climate with short summers and long winters during which temperatures can drop below freezing.

The summer months are between June and August with the warmest month being July. Temperatures are usually mild with the average being around 20°C (68°F).

Winter runs from December to March with temperatures hovering around 0°C (32°F). Frost and snow are common during winter, so it's best to bundle up with warm clothes to avoid a chill. 

Strong winds blow throughout Denmark on a near-constant basis; these winds are utilised in Denmark's wind power industry and produce nearly half of the country's electricity.


Transport and Driving in Denmark

Taking transport in Denmark is convenient and efficient, as is driving. Denmark’s roads are in excellent condition and congestion isn't a major issue. There is also a comprehensive public transport system in Denmark comprising of trains, buses and ferries, so expats who choose not to drive will have plenty of ways to get around.

Denmark has a reputation as one of the world's cycling capitals and new arrivals will soon find that this is well earned. Copenhagen, in particular, is exceptionally bike friendly and the government is constantly extending the existing cycling infrastructure.

Public transport in Denmark

Public transport in Denmark is an efficient way for expats to reach almost any part of the country. Many Danes use public transport daily and the Danish government encourages residents to give public transport preference over driving.

Bus, trains and the metro are all covered by Rejsekort, a central electronic ticketing system. Commuter passes and discounted fares can also be accessed via Rejsekort. 


The national rail network in Denmark is operated by Danske Statsbaner (DSB). It also operates the S-train rail network in Copenhagen. Expats can use the train to travel between the major cities on all of Denmark’s islands. 

Smaller towns and rural areas in Denmark are serviced by regional trains. Long-distance trains run frequently throughout the day and are a relaxing and safe way to travel between cities in Denmark. The country also has international railway links to Sweden and Germany.


Copenhagen is home to Denmark's only metro system, which is well integrated with other public transport links throughout the city.


Denmark has a good system of long-distance buses that makes travelling between Danish cities painless and easy. Express coaches are also available. 

Travellers can purchase bus tickets on the bus itself using exact change or they can purchase them in advance.


Denmark is an archipelago, so ferries are one of the best ways to get around. This is especially the case for expats who want to explore some of the smaller islands. 

There are also international ferry connections to destinations such as Sweden, Norway, Germany and the UK.

Taxis in Denmark

Large cities in Denmark will have an abundance of taxis run by many different companies. Smaller cities might only have one or two local operators. Taxis can be hailed on the street, or can be booked online or via phone.

All taxis in Denmark have meters and the fares are regulated. Ride-hailing apps are not commonly used in Denmark.

Driving in Denmark

Expats driving in Denmark can expect a fairly easy, stress-free experience. The roads are in excellent condition and traffic jams are not a major issue. The Danish government has invested in extending the country’s road network and expats will find that, due to the building of bridges, more and more areas and islands of the country are accessible by car. Expats can also use ferries to transport their cars between Denmark’s islands. Expats can learn more about driving on foreign driver's licences, international licences and when to obtain a Danish licence here.

Cycling in Denmark 

Cycling is an extremely popular mode of transport among the Danish population – in fact, in the city of Copenhagen, there are more bicycles than people. The country has a huge network of bicycle routes that extends for over 12,000km (more than 7,000 miles), making cycling an easy and safe way to get around. 

Air travel in Denmark

Denmark’s cities are situated fairly close together, so it's rarely necessary to travel by plane within the country. That said, there are numerous domestic airports around the country, with the main hub being Copenhagen Airport. The national carrier, together with Sweden and Norway, is Scandinavian Airlines (SAS).

Healthcare in Denmark

Healthcare in Denmark is of an incredibly high standard with numerous medical facilities to choose from throughout the country. 

Denmark operates under a universal healthcare scheme, which all residents have equal access to. Most use public healthcare facilities because they are of such a high standard, but private hospitals do exist for those who prefer private care. 

Most of the Danish population speaks English, so expats should have no problem finding an English-speaking doctor.

Public healthcare in Denmark

There are plenty of excellent public healthcare facilities to choose from in Denmark. In order to access healthcare at these facilities, a public health insurance card (also known as a yellow card) must be produced.

If using public healthcare, expats will have to select a general practitioner to oversee all their non-emergency medical needs. Patients who wish to see a specialist must first get a referral from their GP. 

Private healthcare in Denmark

Because of the high standard of public healthcare, there are only a small number of private healthcare facilities in Denmark. That said, their popularity has increased in recent years and the number is growing. This growth is mostly down to an increasing number of employers offering their employees private health insurance, which enables the use of private healthcare facilities and bypasses the waiting periods often associated with public healthcare systems. Expats should enquire with their Danish employer about their health insurance policy. 

Health insurance in Denmark

Anyone working in Denmark is entitled to apply for a public health insurance card, known as a yellow card. To do so, expats will need a CPR number, which is obtained by registering at one's local International Citizen Service centre. The CPR number and yellow card can be applied for concurrently.

Pharmacies in Denmark

Throughout Denmark, it's easy to find pharmacies, some of which are open 24 hours a day. Denmark’s regulations regarding medicines are strict, so expats may need a prescription for certain medicine they could get over the counter at home.

Emergency services in Denmark

The emergency number in Denmark is 112. This service has operators who speak English, so expats can call an ambulance without having to speak Danish. 

Banking, Money and Taxes in Denmark

Expats will find that managing banking, money and taxes in Denmark is an easy and convenient process.

That said, although the country's highly developed financial infrastructure is a definite plus, expats will need to budget their money carefully as Denmark has one of the highest tax rates in the world, not to mention a notoriously high cost of living

Money in Denmark

The official currency of Denmark is the Danish krone or crown, abbreviated as DKK. The krone is divided into 100 øre. 

  • Notes: 50 DKK, 100 DKK, 200 DKK, 500 DKK and 1,000 DKK

  • Coins: 50 øre and 1 DKK, 2 DKK, 5 DKK, 10 DKK and 20 DKK

Banking in Denmark

Banking in Denmark is sophisticated and efficient. Most banks offer online banking, which makes paying bills and making transfers easy and convenient. The main banks in Denmark are Danske Bank, Nykredit and Nordea.

Opening a bank account 

To open a bank account in Denmark, expats must first apply for and obtain a Civil Registration Number (CPR) and head to the bank to open their account. Expats will need to open a NemKonto, which is used for salary and government payments such as tax refunds. It is compulsory for all residents in Denmark to have a NemKonto.

ATMs and credit cards

ATMs can be found outside all banks in Denmark, as well as in most supermarkets and shopping centres. Expats can use their credit cards to withdraw cash from ATMs.

The Danish also have a card payment system called Dankort, but expats must have a Danish bank account to use this system. It is useful to have Dankort because it is accepted across the country and some small businesses may not accept international credit cards. 

Taxes in Denmark

Expats who are tax residents of Denmark are liable to be taxed on both their local and their worldwide income. Anyone permanently living in Denmark is automatically considered a tax resident. Those who are in Denmark for six consecutive months are also considered tax residents. 

Income tax is automatically deducted from an expat’s salary. Tax rates range from 8 to 56.5 percent.

Cost of Living in Denmark

Denmark is an expensive expat destination and the cost of living is high, even by European standards. Eating out, utilities and petrol are especially pricey. Luckily, salaries are relatively high and go some way to balance out the high cost of goods and services in Denmark.

Copenhagen, Denmark’s capital, is one of the most expensive cities in the world and ranked 11th out of 227 cities in Mercer’s 2022 Cost of Living Survey. Life outside of Copenhagen is not quite as expensive, but is far from cheap.

The good news for expats in Denmark is that they can expect a high quality of life, which tends to make up for the high cost of living.

Cost of accommodation in Denmark

Accommodation will account for a large percentage of expats’ monthly expenses in Denmark. Expats should consider the location of their housing carefully, as this can often affect the price. In particular, Copenhagen's small size, along with its popularity, means that accommodation is scarce and expensive.

The cost of utilities is not usually included in the rental price, so it's important to budget for this additional expense. When searching for somewhere to live, the cost of the initial deposit will be up to the equivalent of three months' rent, and some landlords will ask for an additional three months of rent to be paid upfront and in advance.

Cost of transport in Denmark

Transport in Denmark can be affordable if commuters use trains and buses, but can also be very expensive if they make use of taxis on a regular basis. Petrol is also notoriously pricey, as is the cost of buying a car. On the other hand, cycling and walking are popular and cost-effective ways of travelling.

Cost of food in Denmark

Groceries tend to be on the expensive side in Denmark, and expats may experience 'sticker shock' the first time they venture into a Danish grocery store. That said, with careful budgeting, it's possible to minimise costs. Buying locally produced, seasonal goods and avoiding imports as much as possible can bring down expenses.

Cost of schooling in Denmark

The cost of education in Denmark is very low, as tuition is completely free. While it's all too easy to rule out public school as an option due to the language barrier, expat parents should consider the fact that there is a robust support programme for non-Danish students. There are even some public schools that offer the International Baccalaureate in English or teach the curricula of France or Germany in each country's language.

For those who decide to opt for private education, schooling in Denmark can be very expensive, with international schools fees being particularly exorbitant. These schools offer a wider range of curricula than that found in public schools and may be the best fit for families planning to stay in Denmark for the short term only.

Cost of living in Denmark chart

Prices may vary depending on product and service provider. The list below shows average prices in Copenhagen for September 2022.

Accommodation (monthly rent)

One-bedroom apartment in city centre

11,896 DKK

One-bedroom apartment outside city centre

8,870 DKK

Three-bedroom apartment in city centre

18,206 DKK

Three-bedroom apartment outside city centre

13,948 DKK


Dozen eggs

29.32 DKK

Milk (1 litre)

12.27 DKK

Rice (1kg)

16.97 DKK

Loaf of white bread

20.43 DKK

Chicken breasts (1kg)

71.43 DKK

Pack of cigarettes (Marlboro)

60 DKK

Eating out

Big Mac meal

80 DKK

Coca-Cola (330ml)

22.82 DKK


42.25 DKK

Bottle of beer (local)

50 DKK

Three-course meal for two at a mid-range restaurant

750 DKK

Utilities/household (monthly)

Mobile call rate (per minute – mobile to mobile)

0.88 DKK

Internet (uncapped ADSL)

257.23 DKK

Utilities (average per month for small apartment)

1,403 DKK


Taxi rate/km

15 DKK

City centre bus fare/train fare 

24 DKK

Petrol/gasoline (per litre)

15.46 DKK

Accommodation in Denmark

Accommodation in Denmark comes in a variety of forms and is generally of an exceptional standard. From city apartments to suburban houses, expats are sure to find something to suit their lifestyle and budget. Most newcomers to Denmark rent their accommodation rather than buy. 

Types of accommodation in Denmark

Expats in Denmark can choose from apartments or suburban houses. Most accommodation in Danish cities comprises of apartment blocks, and is best suited for single professional expats or young couples. Houses are more common in the suburbs, most of which have gardens. Suburban houses are usually the best option for those expats with children. 

New arrivals in Denmark who want to live in the city should look out for apartments in beautiful historical buildings. These can be a real find for those lucky enough, as the apartments are generally of a high standard. 

Finding accommodation in Denmark

Expats looking for accommodation in Denmark should read the listings in local newspapers and online property postings. A more convenient, but also more expensive, option is to enlist the help of a real-estate agent. Estate agents will have the most extensive list of available housing and can also arrange viewings for prospective tenants. 

It is also a good idea to speak to other expats already living in Denmark to find out how they went about finding accommodation. It’s quite common for expats to take over the lease of other departing expats.

Renting accommodation in Denmark

Signing a lease

Once expats have found a rental to their liking, they will need to sign a tenancy agreement. Expats should ensure that they read their lease carefully before signing and should negotiate any terms they are unhappy with.


Once the lease is signed, expats will need to pay a deposit of up to three months’ rent. Tenants will also typically have to pay three months of rent upfront and in advance. 


Utilities are usually an additional charge on top of rent. Heating and water are usually paid to the landlord while electricity is typically paid directly to the supplying company.

Doing Business in Denmark

Denmark has an open and robust economy driven by technology and innovation. This, along with world-class infrastructure, a highly educated workforce and a standard of living among the highest in the world, means that doing business in Denmark is an attractive prospect. 

As the southernmost Scandinavian country, Denmark occupies a strategic position as a gateway into the rest of the region. As such, many international corporations have regional offices in Denmark. The country is also home to a number of internationally recognised Danish companies such as Maersk, LEGO and Carlsberg.

Fast facts

Business hours

The business week typically runs from Monday to Friday from 8am or 9am to 4pm or 5pm.

Business language

Danish is the official language, although English is widely spoken and understood in business circles.


A firm handshake with direct eye contact is the appropriate greeting in most business contexts.

Business dress

Business attire tends to be smart casual, although suits and ties may make an appearance in the corporate arena. Nevertheless, being well-groomed and neatly dressed is important.


Gift-giving is not common in business circles, but if invited to a Dane’s home, flowers, chocolate or wine are good choices.

Gender equality

Gender equality is important in Danish culture and women have equal work opportunities and equal salaries. Many women hold senior positions in Denmark.

Business culture in Denmark

Denmark is an egalitarian society, which is evident in its business culture. The country has one of the world's lowest levels of income inequality, gender equality is promoted, and the welfare of the team is seen as more important than the individual.


Most Danish businesses are characterised by a relatively flat structure and relations between different levels within an organisation are usually informal. This means that decision lines are sometimes less obvious. Great importance is placed on discussion and reaching consensus; team members are expected to make a positive contribution to discussions and decisions. In line with this, Danes generally avoid conflict and confrontation. It’s best to remain even-tempered and not display anger in meetings or public settings.


Danes are generally open-minded and tolerant. Family is at the heart of Danish social structures and this extends to the working environment; Denmark has generous allowances for both maternity and paternity leave, and working hours are often flexible to fit in with family time.

Personal relationships

Generally, Danes prefer to get down to business immediately, leaving little time for small talk in meetings. Punctuality is essential if expats are to make a good impression. Danes are generally hard-working and expect employees to be motivated and committed to doing their best. Danes generally do not mix business with pleasure, so work and personal relationships are kept strictly separate.

Dos and don’ts of business in Denmark

  • Do be punctual for meetings

  • Don't be boastful of personal achievements; Danes are reserved and modest people who believe in the team rather than the individual

  • Do expect equality in the workplace and a relatively flat management structure

  • Don't raise your voice and always remain respectful of colleagues in meetings; confrontation should be avoided at all costs